How to make Dolmas (Grape Leaves)
Directions for Pressure Canning:
I would like to can stuffed grape leaves, (Greek Dolmades). These have lamb, beef, or turkey mixed with rice, onions, pine nuts, and spices rolled into a grape leaf. I normally cook these in the oven with a bath of water, olive oil, and lemon juice and slices. If I pressure can these, what size jar would you recommend and at what temperature and time?
You can Process Dolmades (Grape Leaves) but I would recommend not adding too much olive oil to your “broth” as it tends to blow out during processing and possibly cause seal failures when it sticks between the lid rubber and the jar rim. You should process them at 10 pounds pressure for 75 minutes and you should probably put these up in pints, not quarts. (If your altitude is above 1,000 feet, consult your canning book for the pressure to suit your altitude.)
Answer to Questioner
Non pressure canning directions for Grape Leaves:
- 8 cups water
- 1/2 lemon, juiced
- 1 teaspoon sea salt
- 1 (16-ounce) jar grape leaves in brine (about 70 leaves)
For the Filling:
- 1 cup short-grain rice, uncooked
- 2 medium to large onions, finely chopped
- 5 tablespoons olive oil, divided
- 2 pounds lean ground beef, or lamb, or a mixture of both
- 1 bunch fresh dill, chopped
- 1 tablespoon mint leaves, chopped
- 2 1/2 lemons, juiced, divided
- 1 teaspoon sea salt, or more to taste
- 1/4 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
- 2 cups water
Steps to Make It
- Gather the ingredients.
- Bring 8 cups of water to a boil in a large pot, and add the juice of 1/2 lemon and the salt. Carefully unroll the leaves (do not separate them). Turn off the heat and place the leaves in the hot water for 3 minutes.
- Remove the leaves and place them in a bowl and cover with cold water. When cooled, drain in a colander. It is not unusual for many of the outer leaves in the jar to be damaged or to tear while using. Set these aside to use later in the recipe.
- To prepare the filling, start by soaking the rice for 10 minutes in hot water and drain. (Alternatively, sauté the rice with the onion.)
- Sauté the onions in 1 tablespoon of olive oil until translucent, not browned.
- In a bowl, combine the onion, ground beef, rice, remaining olive oil, dill, mint, juice of 1 lemon, salt, and pepper. Mix well by hand.
- To fill and roll the leaves, gently separate one leaf and place it shiny-side down on a work surface. Place a heaping teaspoon (or more depending on the size of the leaf) of the filling on the leaf at the point where the stem joins the leaf.
- Fold up the bottom of the leaf over the filling, then each side inward in parallel folds, and roll up the leaf. The roll should be firm, not tight, as the filling will expand during cooking. Repeat until all the filling has been used.
- Because the leaves on the bottom can burn while the filling cooks, put a plate or wooden souvlaki skewers in the bottom of a heavy-bottomed pot (see tip below). The plate should fit snugly in the pot.
- If there are unused leaves or leaves that were torn and not used during the filling process, put them on the plate or on top of the skewers. Place the dolmathakia on top, packing them closely together (not squashed), seam side down, so they don’t unroll during cooking. Layer them until all are in the pot (two to three layers are best, but no more than four layers). Place several unused leaves over the top.
- Take another plate and place it upside down on top of the dolmathakia, using something to weigh it down (a second plate works well). Add the 2 cups of water to the pot and cover. Bring the water to a gentle boil, add the remaining juice from the 1 1/2 lemons, reduce heat to low, and simmer for approximately 50 to 70 minutes. Check to see if done—if the rice has cooked, they are done. If not, continue cooking for another 10 minutes and check again. Cooking time depends both on the type of pot used and the particular stovetop heating element.
- If preferred, you can use a pressure cooker. No plates are needed but do use the skewers in the bottom. Pack the dolmathakia into the pressure cooker, add the 2 cups of water, close and cook for 15 to 20 minutes at the first pressure mark.
- If you don’t have skewers or a plate that fits the bottom of the pot, line the bottom of the pan with unused or torn leaves.
- Leftover filling can be used to make stuffed vegetables like tomatoes, peppers, zucchini, and eggplant.
- To make stuffed grape leaves as a main course, use the largest grape leaves and increase the amount of filling in each leaf to 1 tablespoon.
- Individual servings of dolmathakia are four to five pieces on small plates as an appetizer; however, they can also be eaten as a side or main dish (especially when larger leaves are used). Serve dolmathakia warm or at room temperature with avgolemono (egg and lemon sauce), lemon wedges, tzatziki, or plain yogurt on the side.
- If you plan to make avgolemono sauce to go with the dolmathakia, you may want to reserve some of the cooking liquid.
How to Store and Freeze
- Refrigerate leftover stuffed grape leaves in airtight containers for up to four days.
- To freeze leftover dolmathakia, transfer them to zip-close freezer bags or airtight containers and freeze for up to three months.
- Steam or microwave leftover refrigerated or frozen stuffed grape leaves to 165 F, the minimum safe temperature for cooked leftovers.